As the Georgian Revival style waned, earlier forms of the Federal Style and the Dutch house of the eastern seaboard rose, stimulated by periodicals utilizing new printing processes to reproduce photographs and measured drawings of early colonial buildings. Traditional American colonial styles “brought up to date” in the pattern books were the small Cape Cod, the garrison, saltbox, and Dutch colonial.
FORM: variants were rectangular in plan, 2—3 stories, often flanked with one—story porches, and a central portico borrowed from the Georgian Revival. A second floor, cantilevered over the first, characterized the garrison.
ROOF: variants commonly had ridges parallel to the street; Federal and garrison variants had simple gable roofs, in contrast to the saltbox with its off—center ridge extending down over a rear one—story portion; the Dutch Colonial had a double pitched gambrel roof, often with flared eaves; dormers of various shapes; shed dormers extending nearly the full width of the Dutch Colonial were common.
WALLS: wood, horizontal clapboard common; brick veneer on wood frame structures first appeared about 1915 on the Colonial Revival.
WINDOWS: rectangular with double—hung sash, often with six, eight or more panes; equally common were multi—pane upper sash over a single large pane.
TRIM: modillions common on Dutch and Federal variants; widely spaced pendants beneath the upper level soffit were frequent on the garrison; entrances adorned with flat broad jambs, casings, ornamental architrave (header), fluted pilasters; shutters.