Originating in the European Arts & Crafts movement, the Craftsman derived from many diverse influences, including Japanese tea houses, Spanish Colonial, Eastern Shingle, and Swiss Chalet. The structures commonly termed Craftsman were large, elaborate, and intricately detailed. Bungalows displayed the same characteristics, but were smaller, simpler, vernacular versions. One story, they often had two broad gables to the street, that of the porch echoed that of the house behind. This pair of styles had a strong emphasis on exposed framing elements. All elements, inside and out, were given artful attention. Earth colors enhanced natural materials, creating a casual, warm and livable environment.
FORM: low, simple, horizontal.
ROOF: broad, low pitch, large overhangs; exposed ridge beams and rafters. MATERIALS: a variety of natural.
WINDOWS: double-hung (often with upper sash divided) or casement, often in bands.
PORCHES: roof supported by stout posts, commonly tapered, often resting on massive piers beginning at ground level and extending above porch floor; solid rails common.