One of the most popular of styles, felt to express the democratic virtues of ancient Greece which so influenced our young nation. Two variants exist: the formal, romanticized temple; and the vernacular.
rectangular block of 1 or 2 stories, sometimes with one—story side wings; temple type often with full width colonade and pediment facing street; vernacular type without columns, sometimes with small porch at entry.
low pitch gable common, hip rare; both with returned cornice; little overhang, plain eave.
double-hung, often shuttered; small windows, squeezed under the eaves with sills at 2nd story floor level, brought light into upper story or attic in temple variant.
single or double, centered or set off to one side; with side lights and glassed transom over the door.
on temple type, square or round with capitals, most often in the Doric order.
wide casings and heads around doors; flat pilasters at corners, with flat pseudo capitals under short pediment return in vernacular type.