Derived from the architecture of the time of Napoleon III (the French Second Empire), this style is quickly recognized by its chief distinctive feature, the mansard roof, developed by the 17th Century French architect, Francois Mansart. Elaborate examples are richly ornamented, strikingly three—dimensional.
FORM: 2 to 3 story symmetrical square block, with projecting tower rising over the rest of the building on the more elaborate structures.
ROOF: steeply pitched mansard, straight or curved, with flat top; sheathed in fish—scale, hexagonal or diamond—shaped elate shingles in varied colors and decorative patterns; roof pierced by variety of dormer windows; bracketed cornice; top edge of main roof and tower often crowned with iron creating.
WINDOWS: tall, narrow, double—hung; arched or pedimented; embellished by decorative jambs, heads, and hoods; sometimes in pairs; often of a different shape on each floor.
BASE: differentiated from the wall above by different materials, separated by a masonry water-table (masonry band).
PORCHES: often embellished with posts, arches and brackets.