Victorian Romanesque, 1870—1900

119 N. Huron, 1892

111 Pearl

Often called Richardsonian Romanesque, after 19th Century architect Henry Hobson Richardson who created noble buildings in massive rusticated stone work. The style is distinguished by large, semicircular, arched openings which, on institutional buildings, are usually supported by short, polished stone columns (though not locally).

FORM: massive block or L—shape, sometimes with round (aspe shaped) ends; 1 to 4 stories; sometimes with round, polygonal or square towers.

ROOF: broad, hipped or gabled, with steeply pitched dormers.

WINDOWS: often arched, transomed; varied in size and shape.

SURFACES: polychromatic; stone and brick; rock—faced stone walls embellished with different colored and textured brick and tile window trim, arches, quoins, columns, capitals, and belt courses.